Cancer: Causes, Signs, And Treatments
Usually, the body cells segregate to create new cells and substitute the old ones or damaged cells as a natural process.
But when a person has cancer, the new cells start to form quickly even when they are not needed.
They generate the growths known as tumors, and as these new cells continue to break up devoid of even stopping, several cells break off. Through the lymph or blood travel to the other body parts and generate new tumors.
Causes of cancer
The erroneous instructions can cause the cells to discontinue their normal functioning and permit them to become cancerous.
- Inherited genetic defects
- Environmental factors
- Poor lifestyle choices like heavy alcohol use, smoking that damages DNA and leads to cancer
Signs and symptoms of cancer
The symptoms of the health condition may vary from person to person, but the most common symptoms include
- A lump can be felt under the skin
- Unintended weight loss or gain
- Persistent cough
- Persistent indigestion
- Difficulty swallowing
- Bleeding or bruising
- Unexplained fever or night sweats
- Skin changes
- Changes in bowel
- Trouble breathing
- Discomfort after eating
- Joint pain
- Persistent muscle pain
Risk factors associated with the health condition
- Your age
Cancer cells can generally take years to develop. Most people are diagnosed with cancer at an age of 65 years or older. It is not exclusively an adult’s disease but can be diagnosed at any age. However, the chances of getting diagnosed with cancer with older people are more.
- Your habits
Your routine plays a crucial role in maintaining your health. Certain lifestyle choices can augment the risk of disease. Drinking, excessive exposure to the sun, smoking, and obesity can be the major contributing factors to the disease. Modifying your routine and habits can lower the risk of disease.
- Your family history
A small portion of cancers may occur due to inherited conditions. If you have a family history of cancer, you will probably develop cancer cells in your body.
- Your health condition
Various debilitating health conditions like ulcerative colitis can augment the risk of developing cancer.
- Your environment
The injurious chemicals present in the atmosphere can augment the risk of disease. For instance, even if you do not smoke but you are a passive smoker like somebody near you smokes a lot, so in that case, you are at a higher risk of developing cancer.
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Complications with the disease?
Cancer can cause several complications, including
- Difficulty breathing
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Weight loss
- Chemical changes in the body
- Unusual immune system reactions to cancer
- Brain and nervous system issues
- Cancer that spreads
- Cancer that returns
Prevention of the disease
- Stop smoking
- Do exercise a routine
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Avoid excessive sun exposure
- Eat a healthy diet
- Ask your doctor about immunizations
- Drink alcohol in moderation
- Schedule cancer screening exams
What are the possible treatments?
The cancer treatment may include potent medication and therapies including chemotherapy that may leave several other side effects. As the therapy is already so powerful that it is obviously hard to deal with the health condition and when it comes to dealing with its side effects, things get way complicated as you cannot consume the medicine for every symptom. So to deal with such side effects, patients often try to find escape in the natural remedies for cancer that can help the patients get over these additional side effects.