What is Lupus? Symptoms, Type, Diagnosis, and Treatment
January 15, 2022
Lupus refers to a long-term autoimmune disease in which a person’s immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks the healthy and normal tissues.
The symptoms of the health condition include
- Damage to skin, joints, heart, kidney, lungs, and blood
The symptoms of Lupus take place during times of flare-ups. Lupus shows a wide range of symptoms and signs, including:
- Appetite or weight loss
- Swelling around the eyes or in the legs
- Swollen glands
- Mouth ulcers
- Sensitivity to sun
- Skin rashes
- Unusual hair loss
- Chest pain
- Pale fingers
Because of the complex nature of the health condition, people sometimes call it a disease of 1000 faces.
And if we alone talk about the United States only, people report around 16000 new cases of Lupus each year.
However, in the rarest cases, the women with the health condition may give birth to a child who develops a type of Lupus that is known as neonatal Lupus.
Types of Lupus
The person may experience different types of Lupus. Let us get acquainted with the types of Lupus.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is one of the most familiar types of Lupus. It is basically a systemic condition that has an impact throughout the body.
The symptoms of this type of Lupus can range from mild to severe. This type of Lupus is more potent than discoid Lupus as it can affect anybody’s organ.
This type can also lead to inflammation in the joints, skin, lungs, blood, heart, kidney, or any combination. The condition usually goes through cycles, and during remission, the patient may also have no symptoms.
Discoid Lupus Erythematosus
Discoid Lupus Erythematosus is a type of Lupus whose symptoms affect the skin only. A rash may appear on the neck, scalp, and face.
The raised areas may become scaly, scarring, and thick. And the rash may last from a few days to several years.
This type of Lupus doesn’t affect the internal organs, but almost 10% of people with this type may develop SLE.
Subacute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus
Subacute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus is a skin lesion that appears on the body parts exposed to the sun. However, these lesions do not cause scarring.
Around 10% of the patients with SLE show symptoms due to a reaction to specific prescription drugs.
These drugs include some medications that people use to treat high blood pressure and seizures. There may also include thyroid medications, antifungals, antibiotics, and oral contraceptive pills.
However, the most commonly associated drugs that can lead to this form include:
Several babies born to mothers diagnosed with SLE are healthy. Still, on the contrary, almost one percent of the women with auto-antibodies relating to
Lupus can have a baby with this type of Lupus.
The key symptoms of this type include dry mouth and dry eyes. Babies with this type of Lupus may experience liver issues, skin rash, and lower blood count at birth.
Causes of Lupus
Lupus refers to an autoimmune disease whose exact cause is unclear.
Risk factors included!
Lupus may develop due to several factors. This includes
Hormones are the chemical substances produced by the body that controls and regulate the activity of some specific cells and organs. The hormonal activity can explain the following risk factors:
The researchers have no proof that any of the genetic factors cause Lupus, but genetic factors may be the reason why are the following risk factors for Lupus:
- Family history
Environmental factors like viruses or chemicals may also trigger Lupus in people who are already genetically susceptible to the disease. The possible ecological triggers may include:
- Exposure to sunlight
- Viral infections
Diagnosis of Lupus
The diagnosis of Lupus is challenging as the health condition symptoms vary from person to person. However, the symptoms may change over time and overlap with several other disorders.
Not a single test can diagnose the health condition. But a combination of blood and urine tests, symptoms, and physical examinations can lead to the diagnosis.
The urine and blood tests may include
- Complete blood count
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
- Kidney and liver evaluation
- Antinuclear antibody test
- Chest X-ray
Treatment of Lupus
The treatment of Lupus depends on several signs and symptoms. Finding whether a person should be treated and what medicines require a careful discussion of the risks and benefits.
And as the symptoms flare and subside, your doctor may discover that you will need to change the medications. The commonly recommended medications to control Lupus include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Antimalarial drugs
Home Remedies and Lifestyle Changes
Several lifestyle changes and home remedies can also help control the health condition. If you can bring some changes, then you must try to
- Include regular exercise
- Be sun smart
- See your doctor regularly
- Take a healthy diet
- Quit smoking
- Ask your doctor if you require Vitamin D or calcium supplements
What can you do?
Before seeing a doctor, you must get an answer to these queries
- What are the possible causes of the health condition?
- What can trigger the symptoms?
- What are the recommended tests?
- Are there any lifestyle changes to deal with the health condition?
- Are there any restrictions to be followed?
Also, the doctor might ask a few questions, including
- When did the symptoms begin?
- Do the symptoms come and go?
- Have your siblings and parents had Lupus?
- Does anything seem to trigger the symptoms?
- What supplements and medications do you take regularly?
Though the exact cause of the health condition is hard to diagnose but you need to see the medical doctor immediately to get your health condition checked.
Our Simple 3 Step Process For Medical Marijuana Card
1. Fill up your details in an easy 420 Evaluations form.
2. Get Evaluated by a Local MMJ doctor After Online Submission.
3. Get Approved and Receive your Recommendation In Your Email.
Looking To Apply For A Medical Marijuana Card?
Can Medical Marijuana Patients Smoke in Public?
Marijuana or cannabis is illegal under the Controlled Substances Act, but still, a person can treat their medical conditions with marijuana.
Can you get medical weed for Anxiety?
Marijuana is the most commonly used treatment in the United States. Over the years, the use of marijuana or weed has increased, and the risk of harm among people has steadily declined.
What is Sickle Cell Anemia? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
Sickle cell anemia refers to a group of inherited disorders. It basically affects the red blood cells’ shape that carries oxygen to all the other parts of the body. RBCs are generally round and flexible so that they can move easily through the blood vessels.