What are Medical Marijuana Laws in Virginia? (Updated – 2024)

Home » What are Medical Marijuana Laws in Virginia?
Garry Stewart
Written By Garry Stewart

January 13, 2024

Virginia Medical Marijuana Laws blog image

Finally, Virginians can now say that weed is legal in their state. After all the silent battles between the state legislature and the public, a bill in 2020 passed into law. It stated that the medical use of marijuana is now legal with a valid prescription from a state-registered doctor. This law led to the legal opening of the first dispensary in the state. Well, in 2021, another bill passed stating that recreational or adult possession of marijuana has been made legal up to 1 ounce (28g). With all these in action, the state monitors weed abuse practically and strictly.

Virginia Medical Marijuana Laws

The 2021 Virginia General Assembly established the Virginia Cannabis Control Authority (CCA), recognizing it as the principal source of government expertise on cannabis and vesting it with broad authority to develop, issue, and enforce rules related to cannabis in Virginia. The 2021 legislation also empowered the CCA to undertake initiatives and promulgate regulations on various public safety and health aspects of cannabis.

Possession and Penalties

  • Patient – As long as you have a valid prescription and an MMJ card, you can possess up to a 90-day supply of per-visit medical marijuana products.
  • Non-patients

1. If you are under 21, the state can fine you up to $25 or require you to go through a court-approved drug education or treatment program.
2. If you are 21 or over, and you possess more than 1 oz of marijuana
1-15 oz of marijuana: $25 fine.
1 lb (16 oz) or more of marijuana: 1-10 years of jail time and up to $250,000 in fines.

Virginia Cannabis Cultivation Laws

  • The law states that for personal use, each household with a member 21 years of age or older is allowed to cultivate up to 4 marijuana plants.
  • For cultivating 5-10 marijuana plants

1. First offense: $250 fine
2. Second offense: Class 3 misdemeanor (up to $500 fine)
3. Third offense: Class 2 misdemeanor (up to 6 months in jail and/or up to $1,000 fine)
4. Subsequent offenses: felony charge with fines up to $25000


Virginia patients are required to pay a 5.30% sales tax on every purchase of medical marijuana. But, there is no additional excise tax on medical marijuana in Virginia.


Yes, caregivers are legal in VA. You can be a caregiver for a patient under 18 or a patient who is disabled. Such a caregiver is always a parent or a legal guardian. They must be over the age of 21 and must be a resident of the state. The registration process is similar to that of a patient. A caregiver may register with the state individually or at the time of their patient’s registration.


Virginia doesn’t recognize other states’ medical marijuana cards, certificates, or recommendations. However, there are chances for a Virginia medical card to get recognized by other US states that encourage reciprocity.

Driving and Public Intake

Whether you are in Virginia or not, note that the use or possession of any form of marijuana is illegal in public places. Driving under the influence is a criminal offense, and you can face jail time with severe charges. Be mindful of your surroundings because consuming in sight of a minor is also a legal offense. Any passenger, if found drugged, will be penalized accordingly.

Employment Discrimination

No employer shall discharge, discipline, or discriminate against an employee for their lawful use of medical marijuana according to a valid written certification issued by a practitioner for treating or eliminating the symptoms of the diagnosed condition or disease.

  • 1979 – Virginia passed legislation allowing doctors to recommend cannabis for glaucoma or the side effects of chemotherapy.
  • 1998 – Virginia General Assembly tightened the laws on medical cannabis use and added a provision allowing its use and distribution for cancer and glaucoma.
  • 2015 – A Senate bill legalized the recommendation of substances containing CBD oil or low-THC oil for treating epilepsy.
  • 2021 – The law legalized adult recreational use where adults ages 21 and over can possess 1 ounce (28 g) or less of marijuana and also allows for the growth of up to four cannabis plants per household.

Virginia Medical Marijuana Card

As of 2021, it is no longer necessary to register for a virginia medical marijuana card, but a recommendation letter is the only way to purchase medical marijuana. It is the patient’s choice to apply for a card. However, it is best practice to hold a state-approved medical marijuana license than to face sudden consequences. A Virginia MMJ card will last up to one year, and you must renew it before its expiration.

Who Can Use Medical Marijuana in Virginia?

Apart from being a resident and a diagnosed patient, there are no specific medical conditions that “qualify” in Virginia. It is totally up to the doctor whether or not they want to permit their patients to use medical marijuana. So, here is a list of some of the most common conditions treated with marijuana.

Hemp and Other Concentrate

A person shall not manufacture marijuana concentrate from home-cultivated marijuana. Thus, making it illegal to possess other concentrates.

Bottom Line!

Virginia has loosened the regulations on marijuana. Weed decriminalization doesn’t mean you can be lazy about possession and consumption. Many have reported charges of abusing marijuana in recent months. Follow through the rules and keep away from the penalties.

Steps to Get Your MMJ card image

Our Simple 3 Step Process For Medical Marijuana Card

1. Fill up your details in an easy 420 Evaluations form.

2. Get Evaluated by a Local MMJ doctor After Online Submission.

3. Get Approved and Receive your Recommendation In Your Email.

Looking To Apply For A Medical Marijuana Card?

Related Articles

Benefits of Virginia Medical Marijuana Card

Benefits of Virginia Medical Marijuana Card

The Benefits Of Having A Virginia Medical Marijuana CardTable of Content Introduction Why should you Get a Virginia Medical Marijuana Card? Medical Reasons Save your Savings Legal Shield Access to Any Age Take a Trip Quality and Quantity Closing...

Is Weed Legal in Virginia?

Is Weed Legal in Virginia?

Is Weed Legal in Virginia? Cannabis Legalization Guide!Table of Content Introduction Legislation Safe To Consume Possession Registry Qualify Conditions Simple Steps Caregivers Reciprocity Weed, sometimes referred to as cannabis or marijuana, is legal...


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Share This